20 Types of engineers – top engineering fields

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Engineering is indeed a vast terminology whose scope and impacts spread much farther than the horizons of a common man. Well not to underestimate the intellectual prowess of common man, we mean to describe engineering as a field with much broader horizons than an average man’s brain.

An engineer is a person who has earned a degree in any specific field of engineering from a recognized institution and now is capable of implementing and overseeing the projects underway and to monitor an entire implementation process.

A myth related to engineers is that these are creatures with the ability to solve every problem prevailing on earth. Well, this might not be true for all the cases as an engineer is supposed to solve only those problems in which he has earned his degree. You cannot hold a software engineer accountable due to the reason that he has not solved the issue of depleting the ozone layer, which is a headache entitled for an environmental engineer.

Initially, there used to be only four major branches of engineering namely:

With the passage of time, the world has gone through many drastic changes which gave rise to much bigger issues which in turn created space for more advanced and top-notch engineering disciplines. Here in this article, we will be bringing into the limelight, a few among many types of engineers, What do engineers do and the difference between them.

Types of engineers

Let’s have a look at the most prominent and renowned types of engineers, which field do they belong to and what problems are they entitled to solve.

1. Mechanical Engineer:

Fast moving cars, amazing mega machines, crushing and mining equipment, advanced power distribution machines, are the perks whose credit goes directly to the untiring efforts of Mechanical Engineers. A mechanical engineer analyses a single problem from different aspects and then designs a machine suitable for solving that problem. By using computers, mechanical engineers first create a prototype of the machine, test it in a controlled environment and if passed, move over to the next phase of manufacturing the device.

What Do Engineers Do

2. Electrical Engineers:

An Electrical Engineer is another type of engineer who deals with designing and developing the latest and more advanced electrical equipment. The working boundaries of an electrical engineer are not strictly bounded as they have to sneak into almost every branch more or less related to electromagnetism and electronics, power control and telecommunications. They have to showcase their skills on every front ranging from a small household equipment up to the large scale energy transmission units.
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3. Petroleum Engineers:

What Do Engineers Do

What Do Engineers Do

Petroleum Engineers, after getting apt knowledge about efficient drilling methods and geophysical characteristics, are employed by petrochemical corporations to find and to develop efficient and most advanced methods or tools to extricate natural resources including oil and natural gas. They are also entitled to make use of the software which can help them in running different machines deployed in the fields. Once the drilling has been completed, they are also given the job or winding up all the work under proper decorum. A point must be noted here that petroleum engineers are most well-paid engineers across the globe.

4. Chemical Engineers:

Well truly speaking, it will take quite a whole list to explain the scope of the work, chemical engineers do. But we will make use of the knowledge about the type of companies which hire the chemical engineers and it will aid in comprehending the type of work entitled to a chemical engineer. Specifically, chemical engineers are hired by food processing plants, to check and improve the quality of food being produced and distributed to the outlets.

Chemical Engineers have found much absorption rate in agriculture sector as well. They have made enormous breakthroughs in improving production of the crops by introducing crop nutrient management, introduction of chemically generated manure and more reactive seeds which even sprout if planted in low-watered areas.  Also, they are hired by various pharmaceutical industries in which the engineers are given the job of formulating and testing different drug samples which are both effective and have lesser possible side-effects. Wherever there is an issue of refinement, rest assured that a chemical engineer must be there.

What Do Engineers Do

Student in Science Class


5. Civil Engineers:

civil engineer will design and maintain roads, bridges, railroads, airports, large stadiums or arenas. They may also be involved in construction projects within the private sector. A civil engineer will start the design phase of the project by analyzing all aspects of the project. They will then determine whether the designated construction site will be appropriate for the project. Once the preliminary leg work is complete, the civil engineer will then design the project and insure that the entire project fits the specifications set and is a sound project once completed.

What Do Engineers Do


6. Bio-Medical Engineer:

Bio medical engineering is new and emerging fields and number of biomedical engineers among different types of engineers are growing rapidly as compared to past.

Patient care is one of the trendiest topics of the day.  Many advanced breakthroughs have been recorded in the past decade. A Biomedical Engineer aims to formulate such tools, devices and medicinal solutions for the problems being faced in the medical field. Biomedical Engineers are hired by various educational and research based institutions to amalgamate the concepts of engineering, medicine and pharmacy eke out effective and efficient solutions.

what do biomedical engineers do

7. Software Engineer:

Also known as “geeks”, the software engineers are another great fraternity among many other fields of Engineering. Having almost no any social status, they enjoy really amazing benefits and perks. Computer Engineers are entitled to apply techniques and principles of computer science, numerical analysis, algorithmic analysis, quality and testing to design and automate various concepts which enable the computers to solve many problems which not only lessen the cost of hiring employees but also aid in yielding precise results.


Types of engineers

What Do Engineers Do

8. Agriculture Engineer:

Agricultural Engineers are employed to design tools and mechanisms for agricultural purposes. Using the technological prowess of computer aided design technology, engineers have devised such components and pieces of equipment which are being deployed in various places especially where the weather is intense of seasonal crops or water is scarce and every farmer needs to remain awake even in the late hours. The machines take care of the watering and proper manure distribution in the crops and the credit goes to the discipline of Agricultural Engineering.

9. Computer Engineer

Computer engineers will handle both the hardware components and the software components of a computer system. Most computer engineers will focus on either hardware or software. A hardware engineer will oversee the design and implementation of hardware components. They will test new components and maintain existing systems. A software engineer will modify or debug existing software programs. They will also be responsible for creating software programs or operating systems. Testing and implementing new programs or operating systems will also be the responsibility of a software engineer.

10. Nuclear Engineer

Nuclear engineering deals with the design, production and implementation of nuclear energy and radiation. Most nuclear engineers will be employed by colleges or universities, research facilities or government agencies. They will conduct research to improve the reaction of atoms and aid in the understanding of nuclear reactions. Nuclear engineers will oversee the construction of nuclear power plants. While doing so they will work with specialists to make certain the nuclear fuel is loaded and stored properly. Once the nuclear power plant is constructed, it is the duty of the engineer to maintain the integrity of the power plant. They will also troubleshoot and report any problems.

11. Aerospace Engineer

Aerospace engineering is the research, design, development and implementation of air crafts, missiles, space vehicles,and satellites. Depending on their specialty, an aerospace engineer do research on the materials being used in the construction of air crafts or space vehicles. Some may be the lead engineer in the design and testing of missiles. They will plan test flights and report the results of the test flights. Aerospace engineers may work with computer engineers in designing and developing computer systems for space vehicles and satellites. Aerospace engineers will monitor, troubleshoot and repair air crafts, missiles, space vehicles and satellites.

12. Audio Engineer

Audio engineering is the production or manipulation of sound. Audio engineers will use creativity along with technology to produce sound for various outlets including television, music, and video games. There are two sides to audio engineering: production and technical. On the production side, they will work with the actual sound bytes to create and record new sounds for various outlets. On the technical side, they will work on the actual equipment used to produce and record the audio.

Top Engineering Fields

Top Engineering Fields – audio engineer

13. Marine engineers

Marine engineering is discipline of engineering that involves designing, constructing and maintaining the vehicles and structures that are used on or under water. This discipline is used to create cruise ships, harbors and oil platforms.

14. Power engineers

Power engineering is sub category of Energy or Electrical engineering that involves with generation, transmission, distribution and utilization of electrical power.

The field is also associated with electrical devices such as Motors, transformers and generators.

15. Pharmaceutical Engineers

Pharmaceutical engineers deal with synthesis of new drugs, efficient processes for manufacture of such drugs and their development in pharmaceutical industry.

They deals with designing, construction and operation of new plants that are used in research facilities.

16. Robotic Engineers

Robotic Engineers are specialized mechanical engineers who are experts in handling the robots and robotic circuitry.

17. Environmental engineers

Environmental engineers are specifically concerned with the application and usage of engineering principles, in order to bring positive impact on human population and surrounding. In short, it implies the engineering ethics to save mankind and other extra-terrestrial beings from the adverse effects of our ever-changing environmental conditions.

18. Structural Engineer

Structural Engineers primarily with the design and construction of stuctures (such as bridges, buildings, dams)

19.  Industrial engineer

Industrial engineering is also among Top Engineering Fields which deals with the optimization of complex processes, systems or organizations. Industrial engineers work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, man-hours, machine time, energy and other resources that do not generate value.

20. Mechatronics Engineers

Mechatronics Engineers are involved in invention and creation of the smart computer integrated electro-mechanical devices. In simple words, as said by Jim Falbo:  mechatronics is about the robot and automated systems.

21. Mining Engineers

Mining engineers deal with extraction of material from earth core. Mining engineers with the help of associated engineers such as geological engineers, metallurgical engineers and geo technical engineers design underground mines and open-pit. Devise method for transportation of minerals from mines to plant.


The exact duties of an engineer will depend vastly on which branch that the engineer has specialized. The basic functions of an engineer are the same, design, develop, implement, document and maintain. The processes in which they accomplish these functions will be different. Some engineers will work independently and others will work in teams to ensure that the project is enhanced and successful. There may be certain projects in which engineers from several branches will have to come together to successfully complete and implement a new project. They may also work on troubleshooting existing projects that have many complex parts that stretch within the different branches of engineering. The educational requirements for each branch of engineering is also similar. Some will require a stronger concentration in mathematics or science, while others will require a more technical concentration. All engineers are required to pass examinations and obtain certifications in order to work within their field.

Apart from above mentioned Types of engineers, there are a multitude of sub-fields of engineering yet to be discussed yet to be explored. Every engineering discipline has its set of perks and downfalls, so are in any field you may opt. Always go for the field which suits your aptitude rather than entering a field after a wild guess. Keep in mind that your decision now, will not only impact your personal life, but also the lives of those directly connected to you. To sum up, always choose wisely, and live well.

Note: We will continue to add more about Types of engineers


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