Genetic engineering is a stream of science where the genes of animals and all living organism are being researched, and molecular structure is formed depending on the biological effects when transferred to other living organisms. As we know that gene holds the characteristics of that living organism. If we say precisely, then the gene is nothing but a bimolecular structure with string-like materials whose forms say the characteristics of that organism.
Genetic engineering deals with these factors of genes and modification of genes are being done in this form of science.
Benefits of Genetic Engineering
If we look into the history of genetic engineering and its development, we will see that the advantages of genetic engineering were not that bright as many social organizations protested against it. The main issue might be the deformation of natural gifts, and it hit the social environment very much from the beginning of genetic engineering.
But with times and after several successful types of research and utilities are done they raised a hand for the advantages of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering has opened many gateways of bio-medicals too. Many great inventions and breakthroughs are done such as replacement of body parts, reformation, cloning, etc.
Benefits of genetic engineering in humans – Gene Therapy
If we look into the benefits of genetic engineering in humans, the most advanced technology has been innovated which is gene therapy which is indeed has made doctors be able to control many diseases with slight reformations of genes. As we know that, the gene carries diseases also which sometimes being transferred from parents to child. With the help of gene therapy, one can easily overcome the probabilities of this transportation. Also by gene therapy, doctors can cure some diseases like Huntington’s disease, cystic fibrosis that are caused by defective genes.
The main works of genetic engineering in this matter is to omit the defective string of gene and place the correct gene string in that space. However, the process is not that easy. One has to find several match-ups to go for the gene replacement. This is possible due to the advantages of genetic engineering.
Role of Genetic Engineering in pharmacy
Another helpful advantage of genetic engineering may be the possible effects of genes of medicines. Genes are pro-active, and thus the needs of finding its natural effects and side-effects were very much important. It is possible due to the inventions of genetic engineering. By which it is possible for pharmacists to innovate medicines which are suitable for that sort of gene.
But the major advantage of the works in genetic engineering will undoubtedly be the invention of cloning. It is the invention which dragged humankind in the position similar to the God. Cloning enables us to make any animal or living being as we want. These are happening due to the presence of genetic engineering.
Thus the benefits of genetic engineering are numerous and don’t have any shadow of doubts.
Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering
Are you still searching for genetic engineering pros and cons? Then don’t worry take a breath because we have the answer you seek. It deals with the study of genes and characteristics of an organism (with the help of DNA). We are describing over here about pros and cons; you can see given bellow:
Production of Crops
With the help of biotechnology, you can see that many modified crops are being genetically engineered along with various varieties and nutrition in several ways. Genetically engineered seeds can survive in unfavorable climatic condition, there are many crops taking place in genetic engineering like tomato, tobacco, potato, soybean, wheat, beans and rice, etc.
If you are involved in agriculture activities and your crop in not able to grow then no need worry because genetic engineering can help you; similarly if you want to enhance taste then also you will get required benefit. With the help of modern. You can increase the life of your food and similarly you can reduce the risk of spoliation. According to latest research- with the help of modern genetic engineering we can treat certain diseases permanently and most importantly we can discover various hybrids.
With the help of genetic engineering, we can change DNA in humans, or we can configure require a structural transformation in a human body.
Now as far as cons are concern make sure though it is a great achievement of science; but remember whenever you work against nature you have to face some side effects and problems like when you deal with human beings then it may dislocate body structure permanently and apart from that it can change the rate of body growth. While in case of plants some unwanted substances are generated automatically and similarly harmful pathogens can be generated as well.
We all know that genetic engineering can help to put off certain infectious and hereditary diseases and create diversity in the gene pool, we must not neglect to consider its disadvantages. Normally disadvantages of genetic engineering are not publicized or spoken about by scientists because if they stated the facts people might be afraid to venture on things pertaining to genes. They prefer to just highlight the positive effects of genetic engineering.
Another disadvantage of genetic engineering are that we do not know what would be the possible side effect there could bring. It has raised confusion to the public because it involves ethical and moral issues. They keep on asking if the person has the right to alter or change the laws of nature in which something that most people are not comfortable with.
However, our environment is extremely complicated with all the species that forming a complex food chain. A person might sit right sit right at the top of the food chain, but still, they are dependent on other species in this complex inter-linked chain. Hence, any introduction of modified genes into our environment would truly affect the food chain, but sadly the scientist still does not know what cost a genetically modified organism may have on the other species and the environment.
Therefore it has various pros and cons, nowadays before talking about genetic engineering pros and cons you must know that it consist of several fields like it is used in medicine, agriculture, and environment, so you never deny its importance. I am of the view, we should utilize the Benefits of Genetic Engineering
The potential of genetic engineering is to allow humans in the future to pick the desirable traits and feature like color of the hair and eyes of one person and even the gender of their offspring. Genetic engineering is used to improve nature, change plants and animals, and can find answers relating to human activities that give rise to many social ethical and economical issues. They also used the genetic engineering to produced genetically modified food
It is highly demanded all over the world, and you can enjoy its goodness from your home.You can not limit yourself in pros and cons but to understand this and try to resolve easily without having any problem.